AAA offers winter vehicle advice

Traffic with plow at the intersection of Richmond and State Steet in Batavia on Wednesday afternoon. Photo - Mark Gutman/Daily News

BUFFALO — A list of winter car care tips has been issued by AAA Western and Central New York.

The list is intended to help keep drivers safe during winter. It includes advice for a road kit, supplies and more.

The list includes:

n Carry an emergency kit equipped for winter weather. The kit should include a mobile phone, car charger, drinking water, first-aid kit, non-perishable snacks, bag of abrasive material, snow shovel, blankets, extra warm clothing, a flashlight, warning devices, jumper cables and basic tool kit.

n Battery and charging system — Have the battery and charging system tested by a qualified technician.

n Battery cables and terminals — Make sure the battery terminals and cable ends are free from corrosion and the connections are tight.

n Engine hoses — Inspect cooling system hoses for leaks, cracks or loose clamps. Also, squeeze the hoses and replace any that are brittle or excessively spongy-feeling.

n Tire type and tread — In areas with heavy winter weather, installing snow tires on all four wheels will provide the best traction. This year snow tires are in high demand amid a tire shortage, so drivers should purchase tires immediately if needed.

All-season tires work well in light to moderate snow conditions, provided they have adequate tread depth. Start shopping for new tires when the tread depth reaches 4/32 of an inch and replace any tire whose tread is worn to 2/32 of an inch or less. Uneven tire wear can indicate alignment, wheel balance or suspension problems that must be addressed to prevent further tire damage.

n Tire pressure — Check tire inflation pressure on all four tires and the spare more frequently in fall and winter. As the average temperature drops, so will tire pressures – typically by one PSI for every 10 degrees Fahrenheit. The proper tire pressure levels can be found in the owner’s manual or on a tire information sticker typically located on the driver’s side door jamb.

n Lights — Check the operation of all headlights, taillights, brake lights, turn signals, emergency flashers and back-up lights. Replace any burnt-out bulbs.

n Wiper blades — The blades should completely clear the glass with each swipe. Replace any blade that leaves streaks or misses spots. In snowy areas, consider installing one-piece “beam type” wiper blades or special winter blades with a rubber cover over the frame. Both will reduce ice and snow that can prevent good contact between the blade and the glass.

n Washer fluid — Fill the windshield washer fluid reservoir with a winter cleaning solution.

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